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New PDF release: A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau:

By Brian Hayden

Early hunter/gatherer societies have frequently been thought of primarily egalitarian in nature. This assumption, notwithstanding, has been challenged by means of modern archaeolgical and anthropological examine, which has validated that lots of those societies had complicated social, financial, and political constructions. This quantity considers British Columbia local groups - the Lillooet and Shuswap groups of Fountain and Pavilion - and lines their improvement to complicated societies. The authors discover the relation among source features and hunter/gatherer variations and consider using fish, animal, and plant species, documenting their availability and the recommendations utilized in their accumulating, processing, and storing. The ebook additionally indicates how cultural practices, corresponding to raiding, potlatching, and stewardship of assets, should be defined from a cultural ecological standpoint. a massive contribution to the research of searching and amassing cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this e-book is the main precise exam of the subsistence base of a selected searching and accumulating crew so far. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced looking and accumulating societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, may perhaps make a big contribution to the research of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. a major contribution to the examine of looking and amassing cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this booklet is the main certain exam of the subsistence base of a selected looking and amassing staff to this point. Its exploration of the explanations why complicated looking and amassing societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, will make a huge contribution to the research of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. "Brian Hayden is a professor within the division of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University.".

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Additional info for A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use

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The contemporary expressed preference for sockeye salmon as the best preserving fish and trading fish (DP, RA) seems to indicate a major shift in the value of spring salmon not related to their availability. This implies changes in nutritional values, such as the critical importance of fats in the past, as perhaps the most important factor; however, more than one of these factors may be responsible for the decline in the use of the spring salmon. Following the massive influx of prospectors, miners, and support populations, the federal government created the Indian Reserve system during the i86os and 18705.

Rather than closure, the federal regulation of the fishery emerged. The overexploitation of sockeye salmon stocks, and, presumably, the spring salmon stocks with them, must have greatly increased the risk and frequency of famines in the Lillooet area during the decades around the turn of the century. The issue of the subsistence importance of spring salmon is an important one. However, at this juncture in our research, only a preliminary assess- Introduction 29 merit is possible. Certainly throughout the twentieth century, spring salmon have never been considered the most desirable commercial species for canning, and before the Hell's Gate slide in 1913, spring salmon catches and escapement estimates were generally a small fraction of the sockeye estimates.

Victoria Beckerman, Stephen. 1983. ' American Zoologist 23:283-90 Begbie, M. 1861. ' Journal, Royal Geographical Society 31:237-48 Bettinger, Robert. 1980. ), Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 3:189-255. New York: Academic Press Binford, Lewis. 1980. ' American Antiquity 45:4-20 -. 1983. ), The Development of Political Organization in Native North America. Pp. 148-61. Washington, DC: American Ethnological Society Bishop, Charles. 1987. ' Arctic Anthropology 24:72-83 Blake, T. Michael.

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