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Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in - download pdf or read online

By Andrew D. Evans

Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists performed their paintings in the course of full-scale warfare. The self-discipline was once rather new in German academia whilst international conflict I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans finds during this illuminating publication, its improvement was once profoundly altered by way of the clash. because the struggle formed the institutional, ideological, and actual setting for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline grew to become its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist recreation basically inquisitive about medical experiences of race.

Combining highbrow and cultural historical past with the background of technology, Anthropology at conflict examines either the origins and outcomes of this shift. Evans locates its roots within the determination to permit scientists entry to prisoner-of-war camps, which brought on them to concentration their learn on racial stories of the captives. stuck up in wartime nationalism, a brand new new release of anthropologists started to painting the country’s political enemies as racially varied. After the battle ended, the significance put on racial conceptions and different types endured, paving the best way for the politicization of medical inquiry within the years of the ascendancy of nationwide Socialism.

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"Evans not just bargains a proof for the most important transition within the background of German anthropology, he additionally provides the main finished background of the self-discipline on hand so far. Even past this remarkable scholarly paintings, Evans has made a true conceptual contribution to the heritage of technology, correcting the dominant view of the relation among technology and politics." - Matti Bunzl, collage of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign"

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Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists carried out their paintings in the course of full-scale struggle. The self-discipline was once quite new in German academia whilst global struggle I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans unearths during this illuminating publication, its improvement used to be profoundly altered through the clash. because the warfare formed the institutional, ideological, and actual setting for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline became its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist pastime basically curious about clinical reviews of race.

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Extra resources for Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

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After the Prussian military rejected the idea of measuring recruits, Virchow suggested surveying the eye and hair color of German schoolchildren. State governments across the Reich cooperated in the effort, and instructions were sent to schoolteachers across the country. ”70 The information was needed, in other words, to explain the relationships between prehistoric migrations into central Europe. The project was extremely ambitious in its scope and took years to complete. Over six million German school children were surveyed and hundreds of thousands of data forms were produced.

Over one hundred members had medical degrees, and thirty of these were listed as medical professors of some kind. This group also included doctors who worked for the military. Academics of various stripes outside of the medical field were also well represented. Of 577 members, 135 possessed some connection to academic life, whether a nonmedical doctorate, the title of professor, a job in a library or a nonanthropological museum, or a position teaching at a German secondary school or Gymnasium. 75 The exact number of government bureaucrats and state officials is more difficult to determine, but at least several dozen members worked for the government in some way, including one man who was the chief engineer of the Berlin water works.

They also engaged the interest of anthropologists, particularly Virchow, who came to believe that prehistoric archeology should function as a critical “assisting science” (Hilfwissenschaft) to physical anthropology in the search for information about the earliest forms of humankind. 34 As it developed in the anthropological societies of the late nineteenth century, the field of prehistory thus encompassed both cultural and bodily remains, and the proponents employed a variety of methods drawn from archaeology, anatomy, and physical anthropology in pursuit of their goals.

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