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Artificial Reefs in European Seas by Ehud Spanier (auth.), A. C. Jensen, K. J. Collins, A. P. M. PDF

By Ehud Spanier (auth.), A. C. Jensen, K. J. Collins, A. P. M. Lockwood (eds.)

Artificial Reefs in eu Seas makes a speciality of synthetic reef study within the Mediterranean and NE Atlantic. The booklet describes lots of the long term tasks operating in eu seas, offers the criminal and monetary matters, and indicates destiny makes use of for man made reefs within the ecu context.
Readership: pros engaged on or attracted to the makes use of of man-made reefs for fishery administration, coastal area administration, aquaculture and nature conservation. The case experiences of reef examine programmes make the ebook perfect for measure scholars learning subject matters in ecology, and fisheries and coastal management.

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Gaurin. 1990. Artificial reefs for marine habitat enhancement in Southeast Asia. ICLARM Education Series 11. ICLARM, Philippines, 45 pp. J. E. Jacobson. 1985. Epifaunal settlement, the process of community development and succession over two years on an artificial reef in New York Bight. Bulletin of Marine Science. 37: 364-376. K. and E. Spanier. 1987. Gregariousness and sociality in spiny lobsters: implication for den habituation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 105: 57-71.

Funding The first artificial reef initiatives were totally experimental and were carried out with the financial assistance of the National Council of Research (a government Artificial reefs in the Adriatic Sea 33 institution that supervises Istituto di Ricerche sulla Pesca Marittima (IRPEM) activity) and the Italian Merchant Marine Ministry, which regulated Italian fisheries up to 1993. Subsequently all the reefs were constructed with the financial support of the Italian State and the European Economic Community (EEC).

Results show that the Table 1. list of fish and other mobile species observed before and after reef deployment. Fish species were identified from UNESCO (1986) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Medite"anean. Species Food Present before reef placement Present after reef placement Carnivorous no yes Herbivorous yes yes Carnivorous no yes Carnivorous Carnivorous yes yes yes yes Carnivorous no yes Carnivorous Carnivorous Herbivorous Carnivorous Carnivorous Herbivorous Carnivorous yes yes yes no no no no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes Carnivorous no yes Carnivorous yes yes Atherinidae Atherina boyeri Centracanthidae Spicara smaris Gobiidae Gobius niger Labridae Corisjulis Symphodus ocellatus Mullidae Mullus barbatus Sparidae Diplodus annularis Diplodus vulgaris Boopsboops Lithognathus mormyrus Sparus aurata Sarpa salpa Spondyliosoma cantharcus Pomacentridae Chromis chromis Octopodidae Octopus vulgaris 24 A.

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