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Download e-book for iPad: Between France and New France: Life Aboard the Tall Sailing by Gilles Proulx

By Gilles Proulx

Among France and New France is an soaking up examine lifestyles out of the country the crusing vessels which plied the North Atlantic throughout the French colonial period in North the USA. targeting the 1st 1/2 the eighteenth century and the Seven Years' struggle interval, this booklet analyses 4 significant points of the crossing: martime site visitors and the outfit of vessels; the Atlantic path and navigation; the folks and their occupations; and lifestyles aboard the send. jointly they current a desirable view of sea lifestyles. Gilles Proulx has used authentic correspondence among the Minister of marine and the Canadian colonial professionals, and the papers seized on boarded vessels, in addition to over 100 log-books and private diaries, to procure a wealth of element concerning the rigours of the colonial shipboard adventure. furthermore, many photos, either color and black and white, were integrated to demonstrate this fascinating interval in Canadian heritage.

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16 Each point was perforated by eight holes for the eight half hours of a watch, at the end of which the pilot would inscribe the directions in the ship's log. Pilots used the log and the hourglass to determine distances sailed and speeds attained. The procedure was explained by Champlain in his treatise on sailing and seamanship17 and by La Galissoniere in 1739. "18 The number of knots played out in 30 seconds made it possible to measure leagues sailed in an hour. If, at the time of Maurepas and as a result of experimental surveys, the distance between the knots was set at 47V2 feet, then Champlain used a log-line with knots seven fathoms, or approximately 42 feet, apart.

The 35-day crossing of the man-of-war Arc en del in 16879 appears to have been the swiftest. In 1756, the Licorne, th frigate that carried Montcalm to Canada, crossed in 37 days. 10 The variation between the two frigates is an excellent example of the uncertainty surrounding the duration of Atlantic crossings. Just as the length of the crossing varied from one vessel to another, so could the distance covered daily by any vessel. Many log-books contained notes regarding the distances covered each day.

In addition to the exhaustion this extra duty would likely cause among crew members, storms also meant a marked disruption of the daily routine of sailors and passengers. Cooks could not risk building a fire on board, because of the danger of flames spreading. 8 Everyone on board then had to go without soup and subsist on cold food and biscuits. This diet was certainly not ideal for restoring the strength of the crew. And how could people sleep in hammocks that were soaking wet? "9 To the list of dangers and discomforts connected with storms must be added those that accompanied fogs, which increased in frequency and density as the vessel approached the Grand Banks.

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